Bibliography

1955-1966: A Police Review Board Denied

Allen Pomeroy Records, Series 5267-01

Records of the Office of the Mayor, Series 5210-01

Police Department Annual Reports, Series 1802-H8

  • Box 3, Folder 6: Police Department Annual Report, 1965

Law Department Correspondence, Series 4401-02

Miscellaneous Agency Publications, Series 9910-02

City Council Audio Recordings, Series 4601-03

  • Event 19, ACLU hearing on Police Review Board, January 22, 1965 (see our Police Review Board Seattle Voices exhibit for more information and partial transcript)

News Articles

  • "President Urges Civil-Right Plan." The Seattle Times, June 30, 1947, p. 3.
  • "CORE Hits Police-Board Turndown." The Seattle Times, February 21, 1965, p. 12.
  • "Ramon Appoints 5 To New Police Unit." The Seattle Times, September 21, 1965, p. 8.
  • "Human Rights Commission Obtained U.S. Intervention." The Seattle Times, September 21, 1965, p. 8.
  • "The Lincoln Shooting." The Seattle Times, December 15, 1966, p. 12.

1967-1979: Use of Force

Records of the Office of the Mayor, Series 5210-01

  • Box 95: Correspondence. Departmental. Police Department, January-July, 1967
  • Box 96, Folders 1-3: Correspondence. Departmental. Police Department, August-December 1967
  • Box 96, Folder 4: Correspondence. Departmental. Police Department. Complaints, 1967
  • Box 96, Folder 7: Correspondence. Police Department. International Association of Chiefs of Police, 1967
  • Box 105, Folder 1: Correspondence. External. Urban League, 1967
  • Box 124, Folders 2-5: Correspondence. Departmental. Police Department, January-October 1968
  • Box 125, Folders 1-4: Correspondence. Departmental. Police Department, 1968

Wesley C. Uhlman Departmental Correspondence, Series 5287-01

Wesley C. Uhlman Subject Correspondence, Series 5287-02

  • Box 33, Folder 10: Civil Rights, 1970-1971
  • Box 36, Folder 3: Concerned Central Area Citizens, 1969
  • Box 42, Folder 3: Demonstrations, 1970-1972
  • Box 42, Folder 5: Demonstration (Feb. 17) - Incoming Correspondence, 1970-1970

Law and Justice Planning Manager's Records, Series 5010-01

Human Rights Commission Annual Reports, Series 1802-G9

Published Documents Collection, Series 1801-92

  • Document 13142: A Survey of the Police Department Seattle, Washington, June 1968

City Council Audio Recordings, Series 4601-03

  • Event 2469, Public Safety & Health Committee meeting discussing Citizens Review board, with testimony from Seize Time for Oppressed People (STOP), August 20, 1974 (see our Seize Time for Oppressed People Seattle Voices exhibit for more information and partial transcript)

News Articles

  • "Commissioner Sees Need For Strict Police Disciplining." The Seattle Times, April 4, 1968, p. 8.
  • "Gains, But Tensions, Says Urban League." The Seattle Times, April 9, 1967, p. 19.
  • "'Mechanism For Continuous Change.'" The Seattle Times, December 1, 1968, p. 42.
  • "Rights Group Denies 'Police Review' Role." The Seattle Times, January 26, 1970, p. 18
  • "Civilian Police Review Discussed." The Seattle Times, July 30, 1970, p. 20.
  • "Tielsch's reaction to shooting 'incredible' says rights group." The Seattle Times, April 28, 1971, p. 27.
  • "Central Area group lauds Chris Bayley." The Seattle Times, May 2, 1971, p. 63.
  • "STOP lists 15 Ills." The Seattle Times, July 21, 1973, p. 7.
  • "Group rallies to protest Seattle police brutality." The Seattle Times, July 22, 1973, p. 35.
  • "Police Trying to Police Themselves." The Seattle Times, December 2, 1973, p. 39.
  • "Group Asks Citizens' Police Review Unit." The Seattle Times, March 3, 1974, p. A16.
  • "Group Sets Meeting on Citizen Review of Police Discipline." The Seattle Times, March 27, 1974, p. 27.
  • "Council Hears Debate on Police." Seattle Post-Intelligencer, August 21, 1974, p. 3.
  • "Police-review Board Urged by Citizens." The Seattle Times, October 18, 1974, p. 7.
  • "New police-review Procedure Attached." The Seattle Times, February 21, 1975, p. 38.
  • Trillin, Calvin. "Causes and Circumstances." The New Yorker, June 2, 1975, p. 101.
  • "Revelle won't seek shooting probe." The Seattle Times, August 31, 1977, p. 14.
  • "Royer wants quick probe of burglary suspect's death." The Seattle Times, August 21, 1978, p. 14.
  • "Jury clears officer in shooting." The Seattle Times, September 10, 1978, p. 1.

1980-1996: An Uphill Struggle for Justice

Jim Street Subject Files, Series 4683-02

  • Box 8, Folder 4: Low Income: Housing Development Fee: Legal Basis, 1980-1984

Charles T. Royer Departmental Correspondence, Series 5274-01

  • Box 27, Folder 25: Police: Deadly Force, 1980
  • Box 35, Folder 33: Police: Deadly Force, 1981
  • Box 41, Folder 39: Police: Deadly Force, 1982
  • Box 48, Folder 30: Police: Deadly Force, 1983

Norm Rice Subject Files, Series 4674-02

  • Box 23, Folder 5-6: Baldwin (Robert) Incident, 1984-1985
  • Box 23, Folder 7: Baldwin (Robert) Incident, 1984-1986
  • Box 23, Folder 8: Baldwin (Robert) Incident: City Council Review of Police Department Policy re: Deadly Force Situations, 1984
  • Box 23, Folder 9: Baldwin (Robert) Incident: Firearms Review Board Report, Operations Critique and Recommendations, 1984
  • Box 23, Folder 10: Baldwin (Robert) Incident: Police Policy Revisions, 1985-1986
  • Box 23, Folder 11: Baldwin (Robert) Incident: Police Response to Recommendations, 1985
  • Box 23, Folder 12: Baldwin (Robert) Incident: Report of the Special Panel, 1984
  • Box 35, Folder 22: Public Safety: Police Emergency Response Team (Baldwin Incident), 1985-1986)
  • Box 35, Folder 23: Public Safety: Police Emergency Response Team (Baldwin Incident), 1984-1986)
  • Box 35, Folder 24: Public Safety: Police Emergency Response Team (Baldwin Incident), 1984-1985

Jane Noland Subject Files, Series 4663-02

Issue Notebooks, Series 1801-23

  • Box 7, Folder 9: Police. Briefing Material for SPD Response to Report of Special Panel on the Robert Baldwin Incident, 1985

Published Documents Collection, Series 1801-92

  • Document 10: Review of the Seattle Police Department's responses to date implementing the recommendations of the report of the Special Panel on the Robert Baldwin Incident, 1985

Legislative Audits, Series 1802-D6

  • Legislative Audits: Seattle Police Department's Responses Implementing the Recommendations of the Report of the Special Panel on the Robert Baldwin Incident, 1985

News Articles

  • "Police could have waited a bit, says juror." The Seattle Times, June 2, 1984, p. A10.
  • "Under The Gun - After A Shooting, A Police Officer." The Seattle Times, March 6, 1988, p. K1.
  • "Rice, Nolan Propose Police Auditor - Civilian Would Review Internal Investigations." The Seattle Times, November 12, 1991, p. B1.
  • "No Charges In Police Shooting - Anderson Was Killed During Pursuit." The Seattle Times, May 3, 1996, p. B1.

1997-2020: A Consent Decree and Accountability

Tina Podlodowski Subject Files, Series 4670-02

  • Box 51, Folder 4: Seattle Police Department: Annual Reports of the Seattle Police Department Firearms Review Board Citizen Observer, 1997-1998

Margaret Pageler Subject Files, Series 4667-02

  • Box 105, Folder 2: Aaron Roberts Shooting / OPA Review Board, 2001

Tim Burgess Subject Files, Series 4615-02

  • Box 6, Folder 9: Police Accountability, 2010
  • Box 18, Folder 2: Dept. of Justice Investigation of Police Dept., 2011-2012
  • Box 22, Folder 12: Police Accountability, Council Panel, 2008
  • Box 22, Folder 13: Police Accountability, Mayor's Panel, 2008
  • Box 27, Folder 3: Police Accountability, 2011-2012
  • Box 38, Folder 18: Community Police Commission, 2015
  • Box 13, Folder 25: Community Police Commission, 2014
  • Box 50, Folder 2: Police Accountability, 2014
  • Box 51, Folder 9: Police Accountability, 2015
  • Box 53, Folder 5: Police Accountability, 2012-2017
  • Box 53, Folder 7: Police Accountability, 2011-2014
  • Box 53, Folder 10-12: Police Accountability, 2017
  • Box 54, Folder 1: Police Accountability, 2016
  • Box 54, Folder 2: Police Accountability, 2017

Nick Licata Subject Files, Series 4650-02

  • Box 125, Folder 7: Police Accountability, 2004-2007
  • Box 125, Folder 10: Police - Advisory Councils, 2004
  • Box 125, Folder 13: Police - Civil Rights, 2001
  • Box 125, Folder 14: Police - Civilian Review, 2001
  • Box 125, Folder 16: Police - Office of Professional Accountability, 1999-2005
  • Box 125, Folder 17: Police - Human Rights Commission, 2000-2001
  • Box 125, Folder 19: Police - Meetings with Chief, 2004
  • Box 125, Folder 21: Police - Community Policing, 1999-2001
  • Box 126, Folder 5: Police - Less Lethal Options, 2001-2003
  • Box 126, Folder 7: Police - Office of Professional Accountability Negotiations, 2000-2002
  • Box 126, Folder 10: Police - Office of Professional Accountability Reports, 2001
  • Box 127, Folder 4-6: Police - Office of Professional Accountability, 2004-2007
  • Box 129, Folder 9: Police - Firearms Review Board, 2001-2003
  • Box 130, Folder 8: Police - Citizens Review Panel, 1999
  • Box 130, Folder 13: Police - OPARB, 2002-2005
  • Box 131, Folder 12: Police - Use of Force, 2001-2004
  • Box 131, Folder 18: Police - Office of Professional Accountability, 2005
  • Box 193, Folder 25: Community Police Commission, 2012-2013
  • Box 178, Folder 20: Police - Community Police Commission, 2012-2013
  • Box 179, Folder 4: Police - John T. Williams, 2010-2011
  • Box 186, Folder 5: Community Police Commission, 2014

Tom Rasmussen Subject Files, Series 4672-02

  • Box 60, Folder 19: Community Police Commission, 2012-2013

Kirsten Harris-Talley Subject Files, Series 4634-02

  • Box 1, Folder 4: Community Police Commission, 2017

Sally Clark Subject Files, Series 4616-02

  • Box 34, Folder 6: Community Police Commission, 2014

Bruce Harrell Subject Files, Series 4632-02

  • Box 2, Folder 26: Community Police Commission, 2012
  • Box 2, Folder 15: John T. Williams, 2010

Mike O'Brien Subject Files, Series 4665-02

  • Box 5, Folder 8: John T. Williams, 2010

Published Documents Collection, Series 1801-92

  • Document 4246: Seattle Police Department Accountability Action Plan
  • Document 12385: Community Police Commission Accountability Recommendations
  • Document 11168: 2007 Mayor's Police Accountability Review Panel final report
  • Document 12832: 2008 Seattle City Council Police Accountability Panel final report
  • Document 13272: Office of Professional Accountability Auditor's Report on Obstruction Arrests January 2006-July 2008
  • Document 13273: Office of Professional Accountability Semi-Annual Report of the Civilian Auditor July-November 2010
  • Document 13274: Seattle Police Accountability and Civilian Oversight
  • Document 13260: Office of Professional Accountability Policy Recommendation 2009-2012 and SPD Response to Recommendations about Use of Force, De-escalation and Respectful Policing

City Council Audio Recordings, Series 4601-03

Seattle Channel Moving Images, Series 3902-01

  • Moving Image 7195, community rally for Police Accountability, May 15, 2000
  • Moving Image 8145, community meeting at New Hope Missionary Baptist Church, June 9, 2001 (see our Aaron Roberts Seattle Voices exhibit for more information and partial transcript)
  • Moving Image 7252, community meeting hosted by City Council to discuss the People's Coalition for Justice's demands, June 13, 2001

OPARB Subject Files, Series 9365-02

OPARB Minutes and Agendas, Series 9365-01

Citizens Review Panel Study Materials, Series 9514-01

News Articles

Related Legislation

Clerk File 252129, 1964. Petition of Paul K. Thompson re alleged Police Department practices.

Ordinance 98510, 1970. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement with the Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Ordinance 100973, 1972. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement with the Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Ordinance 102154, 1973. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement with the Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Clerk File 275926, 1973. Collective Bargaining Agreement between City and Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Ordinance 103992, 1974. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement between the City of Seattle and the Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Clerk File 279625, 1974. Petition of Seize Time for Oppressed People (STOP) for establishment of a Citizen's Review Board to review police misconduct complaints, etc.

Ordinance 105452, 1976. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement with the Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Clerk File 286065, 1978. Collective Bargaining Agreement between the City and the Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Clerk File 286836, 1978. Initiative Petition No. 15, "relating to the use of firearms by Seattle Police Officers."

Ordinance 109570, 1980. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement between the City of Seattle and the Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Ordinance 110860, 1982. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement between the City of Seattle and the Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Ordinance 111369, 1983. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement between the City of Seattle and Seattle Police Management Association.

Ordinance 111596, 1984. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement between the City of Seattle and Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Ordinance 112011, 1984. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement between the City of Seattle and Seattle Police Management Association.

Ordinance 112012, 1984. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement between the City of Seattle and Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Ordinance 112428, 1985. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement between the City of Seattle and Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Ordinance 113723, 1987. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement between the City of Seattle and Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Ordinance 113724, 1987. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement between the City of Seattle and Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Ordinance 114025, 1988. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement between the City of Seattle and Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Ordinance 114861, 1989. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement between the City of Seattle and Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Ordinance 114958, 1990. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement between the City of Seattle and Seattle Police Management Association.

Ordinance 115975, 1991. An ordinance relating to the Police Department; creating an independent auditor to review and assess Internal Investigations Section investigations of police misconduct complaints; and adding a new Subchapter (VII) to Chapter 3.28 of the Seattle Municipal Code.

Ordinance 116607, 1993. An ordinance authorizing execution of a Memorandum of Understanding effective through December 31, 1992, and a collective bargaining agreement effective through December 31, 1995, between the City of Seattle and Seattle Police Officers' Guild.

Ordinance 117595, 1995. An ordinance authorizing a collective bargaining agreement between The City of Seattle and Seattle Police Management Association.

Ordinance 118482, 1997. An ordinance relating to the Police Department; creating a position for a citizen observer on the Firearms Review Board.

Ordinance 119222, 1998. An ordinance fixing compensation and providing certain conditions of employment for certain public safety positions and assignments; authorizing execution of a Memorandum of Understanding between The City of Seattle and the Seattle Police Management Association.

Clerk File 303750, 1999. Citizens Review Panel Final Report.

Ordinance 120044, 2000. An ordinance authorizing execution of a Collective Bargaining Agreement between the City of Seattle and the Seattle Police officers' Guild.

Ordinance 122809. 2008. An ordinance amending SMC 4.04.120 to add an expectation that the Seattle City Council and the Office of Professional Accountability Review Board will jointly host a public hearing on police accountability at least ninety days before the City begins collective bargaining on a new contract with the Seattle Police Officer’s Guild or the Seattle Police Management Association.

Resolution 31414, 2012. A resolution selecting a Monitor pursuant to the Consent Decree entered by the United States District Court in United States v. City of Seattle, United States District Court, Western District of Washington, Case No. 2:12-cv- 01282-JLR.

Clerk File 313194, 2013. Agreement by and between the City of Seattle and the Seattle Police Officers’ Guild.

Clerk File 313292, 2013. Agreement by and between the City of Seattle and Seattle Parking Enforcement Officers' Guild.

Ordinance 124621, 2014. An ordinance authorizing Memoranda of Agreement between the City of Seattle and the Seattle Police Management Association.

Clerk File 319293, 2014. Memorandum of Understanding by and between the City of Seattle and Seattle Police Management Association.

Ordinance 125315, 2017. An ordinance relating to civilian and community oversight of the police; adding a new Chapter 3.29 to the Seattle Municipal Code (SMC); recodifying Subchapters VII, VIII, and IX of Chapter 3.28 of the SMC as Subchapters I, II, and III of Chapter 3.29; amending or repealing sections in Chapters 3.28, 4.08, and 14.12 of the SMC.

Ordinance 125441, 2017. An ordinance authorizing the execution of a collective bargaining agreement between the City of Seattle and the Seattle Police Management Association.

Resolution 31753, 2017. A resolution relating to police accountability; instructing the Office of Inspector General for Public Safety and Community Police Commission to review and recommend changes to Seattle laws, policies, and practices within the scope of their expertise.

Resolution 31855, 2018. A resolution requesting the United States District Court conduct a judicial review of the Collective Bargaining Agreement reached between the City of Seattle and the Seattle Police Officers’ Guild.

Resolution 31930, 2020. A resolution relating to collective bargaining process for the Seattle Police Officer's Guild contract renewal police accountability proposals.

Additional Resources

Timeline of Seattle police reform (Seattle Times)

A History of Seattle Police: Part 1, Accountability (Seattle Public Library)